The word "rune" itself comes from the icelandic word rún and means "secret". Runesystems are not only given alphabets in the traditional meaning, but a system of secrets or mysteries. The roots of this word is to be found in a word root that means "whisper" or "consult". So this word contains two different meanings - one active, that causes change through the power of the inner voice and a second that calls up to a constant search, the search of answers to apparent unanswerebly questions.

The power of runes lies in its ability to push forward searchers. Because there is no aim, the searchers matches his success in the progess on the nordic path. The success measures the distance he went, not the aims he reached.

Every rune is consisting of three elements:

  • a sound (song)           
  • a wand (form)            
  • a rune (hidden lesson)


I am going to give a further insight into the younger Futhark and the deeper meaning of some single runes of it.















Younger Futhark
The entire younger Futhark with the word and letter meanings of every single rune.
youngfuthark.jpg [75 Kb]

ár - good year

This is the rune of eternal return in harmony with the circles of nature.
In the age of Vikings the humans gave presents to the gods at midsummer til árs ok
fridhar (for a good harvest and peace). The A-rune includes great prosperity as well as
the peace that comes along with it. Frodhi was a mythical king of Denmark who brought
prosperity to the country and gave it the “peace of Frodhi”.
The A-wand evolved over history from the old jèra rune and has therefore
took many of its esoteric qualities.

    In magic the ár-rune is the sign with which one can summon the energy of the harmonical
inspiration. It supports finer knowledge and the insight of the circulations in the world.

It is a sign that brought the runes (mysteries) of the world to manifestation.

The A-wand is the rune of reward for the deeds of the past. The person for which the runes are being thrown includes peace and silence. There is much peace in life. Is the rune seen from bad aspects or if it is read upside down, the rune can also mean
poverty or conflict.

iss - ice

"Ice" is the contracting principle that comes from Niflheim.
It collects everything in itself and keeps it calm and cool. This force balances the cosmic fire that comes from Muspelsheim. The force of the ice is the strenghtening principle of all the things. It is the gravitational force that keeps the world in its place. That can be naturally helpful or destructive. One could use it to balance chaos and uncontrolled dynamics.

In Galdor, the I-wand is a powerful tool for the concentration of the will. It can serve as a tool for for the concentration of the Ego-conscience. The “ice” can also limit or reduce the elements one wants to freeze or bring it to a standstill.

In rune-throwing the I-wand interprets a concentration in the Ego or Self and strenghtens the idea of the focus at a certain time in life. This can be harmful and may lead to egomania or even stupidity. In situations that show the I-wand there is often a certain level of stagnation.


thurs - giant

A Thurse is a power of nature, a power which reacts negatively onto consciousness. It is the strentgh of the opposition in the world. The thurse (giants) are pre-conscious and pre-divine creatures, that naturally stand in opposition towards the Æsir and Vanir. The power they personify is used aginst them by the god Ása-Thórr (Thor) - some kind of cosmic homeopathy. Thor fights fire with fire and ice with ice.

In magic thurs is, if you are capable to “tame” it, a powerful form of aggressive defense. It corresponds to the hammer of Thor. The TH-wand can also be used to unite two conflicting or polarized powers to a kinetic energy.

In predicting the Th-wand can show, that powers of the outside work against you, which may not be familiar to you in that moment. A crisis is heading, it can be the trigger for change. Wisely handle with it. Possibly, there’s betrayal involved.







urs) veldr kvinna kvillu;

kátr verðr fár af illu.


(Thurs) causes the pain of women;

few take pleasure in this misfortune.



(Þurs) er kvenna kvöl

ok kletta búi

ok varðrúnar verr.


(Thurs) is the pain of women,

and lives in cliffs

and is the spouse of the Ethin-woman.


áss - deity

This one is Ódhinns (Odins) rune - the galdor-father. He is the ancestor of the divine and independent consciousness of humanity. He is the god of transformation and role model for all, who comprehend themselves as “Odianer”. The river mouth in this old Norwegian rune poem (below) is in view of C.G. Jungs comparison to riverbeds quite interesting. Riverbeds are the pattern of consciousness; but it needs the power of life to stimulate them.

Please note that there are two different A-runes in the younger Futhark. That indicates that the reform of the runes from a row with 24 to 16 has less linguistic and more magical reasons. The áss-rune is seldomly used.

In Galdor the a-mage is the sign of godlike consciousness and wisdom. Also, it is the rune of ecstasy and the poetic inspiration.

In rune-reading the a-mage reveals that the answer is to find in inspiration and institution, but attached to a intellectual search. Negatively the rune shows mistake/disagreement.






(Óss) es flestra ferða för;

en skálpr es sverða.


The river mouth is the way for most of the travelers;

like the sheath is important for the sword.



(Óss) er aldingautr

ok ásgarðs jöfurr,

ok valhallar vísi.


(Æsir) is the allfather,

the ruler of Asgard,

which leads to Valhall.

reidh - ride


The reidh is the pattern of a cyclic, rhythmic and proportionate movement. It is the rune of the journey of life. “Riding” is also the carriage of the journey of initiation. (It can also mean “carriage”) This journey is the path to might, but it can also burden the body.

The practical magic uses the R-wand to direct the magical strength with its might to the right channels. It is the leader to good advice. Through the rune success in legal matters can be obtained.

In predicting reidh suggests that rationality, justice and arranged growth is present in the journey of life of the person. The rune can also show the influence of an institution. In bad aspects the rune can mean crisis, stagnation or even injustice and irrationality.




(Reið) kveða hrossum versta;

Reginn sló sverðit bezta.


(Riding) is said, is the worst for horses.

Reginn forged the best sword.



(Reið) er sitjandi saela

ok snúdig ferð

ok jórs erfiði.


(Riding) is blessed riding,

and a swift journey,

and the work of the horse.

Naudh - need

The N-wand  reflects the principe of  resistance and the friction
in the world. This refers to all levels of life - in nature, society and psyche. Even though the source of resistance of the individual person cannot be controlled, the way a single person uses this resistance or stress can be mastered. Naudh refers to “need-fire” - the fire that is created by friction. This is a self-creating fire. To defeat the resistance of naudh the power has to come from the inside.

In magic, naudh is really useful. It can be used as a psychologic device to overcome stress. Through its power one gains inspiration and insight into the process of fate. In time of the progress of personality it is the secret, that gives knowledge about the choice of the way or fate. It is the tool, will can be developed with.

In prediction the N-wand interpretes friction or resistance. Probably this resistance comes from the inner self. It is a situation that requires innovative and original solutions: “Need is the mother of all inventions”. It is important to recognize the own Wyrd (Fate).




(Nauð) gorir hneppa kosti;

noktan kelr í frosti.


(Need) is hard toil;

the naked freeze in the frost.



(Nauð) er þýjar þrá

ok þungr kostr

ok vássamlig verk.


(Need) is the pain of the enslaved,

and hard toil

and hard work.

Kaun - grief


Kaun is the power of fire, to take things to pieces, to analyze them. Without control it can be destructive, that is what the verses of the rune poem (below) show. Indeed, it is a power that is only hard to master and to control. But once it is controlled it becomes a principe of creative power - the controlled fire of the forge, the cooker, the harrow.

The K-wand has taken shape of the symbolic qualities of the G-wand and NG-wand. That is why kaun can also be a symbol for generosity, exchange and hospitality. It is also a rune of fathering, maturation process and maturity.

In the Galdor-work the K-wand is used magically to control energies for creative aims and all kinds of sexual magic.

In predicting kaun shows to tend to degeneration, sickness or dilapidation. Good aspects can be ability, creativity, transformation and regeneration. Often degeneration is a precondition of regeneration. The K-wand also advises one to silence and relaxation - something that promotes inner creativity and intuition. The power has to mature first.








(Kaun) es baygja barna;

böl görir mann fölvan.


(Grief) is the child of misery.

Sorrow makes the man pale.


(Kaun) er barna böl

ok bardaga för

ok holdfúa hús.


(Grief) is the child of misery

and a hostage

and a house of rotten flesh.

hagall - hail

A hailstone is a dangerous missile of heaven. It can destroy the harvest, the seeds, that have been planted into the soil. The H-wand is the rune of crisis and possible misfortune. Otherwise it is the seed of ice, the cosmic seed in the prebeginning of things. It is the cosmos in shape of a seed.

For magical purposes the H-wand is the most effective for work that should produce the structure and dynamic of the cosmos or the world. It is the seed of knowledge. But also, on a lower level it can be used as a weapon or a device for protection.

In rune-throwing hagall expresses trauma or crisis on the first level. If you want to hear basic, seeded ideas and you convert them, you can hope for a good result. The recent situation has to be changed - due to higher principles.






(Hagall) es kaldastr korna;

Kristr skóp heim inn forna.


(Hail) is the oldest seed;

Christ shaped the world in primeval times.


(Hagall) er kaldakorn

ok krapadrífa

ok snáka sótt.


(Hail) is an ancient seed,

a rain of ice

and the sickness of snakes.

úr - drizzle


In the elder futhark uruz means aurochs - a nowadays extinct european cow species. But because this rune wand took so many other meanings when the runes got reformed about 800 A.D., the meaning slightly changed. The U-Rune also took over the secrets of the W-wand (wunjo) and the O-wand (othala). Úr is the vital organic power of life and might, which arranges and holds together the life. It is the might of purification. Úr drives away the elements, which weaken you. It means cleansation, that leads to power and strength.

In Galdor you can use the might of úr to let other runes fit into a certain order. It is a sign of persistent willpower. The rune contributes to healing and regeneration of the body.

In the rune-throwing it shows the striving for inner aims or the assistance of fellow men. The subject is determined and persistent. There is a striving for freedom and independency. In bad aspects the rune can report weakness, obsession or the control through others.








(Úr) es af illu jarni;

opt hlypr hreinn á hjarni


(Slag) originates from bad iron

the reindeer often walks on hard snow.


(Úr) er skyja gratr

ok skara Þverir

ok hirðis hatr.


(Drizzling) is the crying of clouds

and softens the rim of ice,

the shepherd hates it.

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